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Passage Dangers

Back in 1994, Seven Seas Cruising Association Commodore Chuck Houlihan of s/y Jacaranda published a list of 27 previously unmarked hazards in the oceans between Tonga and Fiji.  We're reproducing that list here (below, left) augmented by additions from other sources (below, right).

Cruisers - If you use the MaxSea program for navigation, we've also included a 'Layer' file you can download to MaxSea that includes all of these hazards marked in red.  This file also contains many of the tracks we took in the Vava'u and Ha'apai Groups of Tonga.  Since the charts in Tonga were often out by large amounts, these tracks can be very useful.  Also, those cruising western Fiji with MaxSea might want to download another 'Layer' file that includes some tracks and notes on islands and navigational issues.

If you download either of these files, save them in a convenient place (I suggest creating a MaxSea folder under My Documents).  In MaxSea, click File, Open..., and in the dialog box that appears navigate to where you stored the Layer file(s).  Select the file you downloaded and the new data should appear.  You can modify the data using MaxSea if you want.  Selecting File, Close, (or un-checking the box under the Layer button) will remove the displayed data without affecting the chart underneath.

Note that we have not verified any of these hazards, nor can we claim any responsibility for the accuracy or validity of this list - we're just reproducing information that was presented to us as valid.  However, our passage from Tonga to Fiji looked very different after plotting these hazards.

These are listed from north to south, but I did not mix the 2 groups.  All Latitudes are South, and all Longitudes are West.  To save this page for later (offline) viewing, go to the upper left corner of your browser and click File, Save As..., and save the page.

Unmarked hazards between Tonga and Fiji
From s/y Jacaranda: From other sources:
  South
Latitude
West
Longitude
Notes   South
Latitude
West
Longitude
Notes
1 18 23' 176 33'   28 13 24' 166 12'  
2 18 44' 175 22'   29 18 11' 178 34' Sea mount,
pos doubtful
3 18 45' 175 22.24'   30 18 44' 176 35'  
4 18 48' 175 14' 3nm in diameter     31 19 01' 174 47'  
5 19 02' 174 41' Volcano South Hope Reef 32 19 13' 175 19'  
6 19 10' 175 07'   33 19 25' 179 35'  
7 19 24' 176 30'   34 19 29' 177 26'  
8 19 27' 176 33' 4nm in diameter 35 19 40' 176 00'  
9 19 27' 176 35' contained in #8? 36 19 49' 176 32'  
10 19 28' 179 48' Ono'llau 1.4nm WNW of
charted position
37 19 51' 176 31'  
11 19 30' 179 36' Vuata Vatoa shoal 1.3nm
NW of charted position
38 19 55' 176 31'  
12 19 31' 177 24'   39 19 59.9' 167 44.55' Wreck
13 19 31' 179 36'   40 20 14' 177 13'  
14 19 32' 177 35' 2 fathoms over 41 20 18' 177 12'  
15 19 41' 176 36'   42 20 19' 178 44'  
16 19 52' 176 37'   43 20 21' 177 33'  
17 19 52' 176 39'   44 32 19.45' 179 00.55' Yacht hit in 1993
18 19 54' 176 32'   45 19 45' 178 13' Wreck
19 19 56' 177 12'   46 18 43' 176 30'  
20 19 56' 177 35'   47 18 47' 175 17'  
21 20 12' 177 12'   48 19 03.04' 169 55.29'  
22 20 15' 177 13' Discolored water 1958 49 19 15' 175 19'  
23 20 16' 176 00' 3nm in diameter 50 19 27' 176 30'  
24 20 17' 177 32'   51 19 34' 179 38'  
25 20 17' 178 37'   52 19 43' 176 33'  
26 20 20' 176 00' 3nm in diameter 53 19 50' 176 32'  
27 20 20' 177 15' Shows 8.9nm from N-S
and 3.4nm E-W
54 19 54' 176 32'  
        55 19 56' 177 36'  
        56 20 03' 177 37'  
        57 20 15' 177 12'  
        58 20 19' 177 35'  
        59 20 20' 176 00'  

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